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Water Resistance of different urethane chapter 1

Views: 156 Update date: Dec 04,2023

water resistance urethanePolyether urethane prepolymers combine the physical properties characteristic of high quality urethanes with excellent resistance to hydrolysis five to ten times that of polyester-based urethanes. This has been demonstrated by laboratory immersion tests and confirmed by field tests. Ester urethanes appear to be attacked at the water sensitive ester groups, while hydrolysis of polyether urethane canoccur only at the more hydrolytically stable urethane and urea groups.Similar effects were observed when samples were immersed in water, exposed to 100% relative humidity or immersed in wet oil.

Urethane elastomers have been widely accepted for use in demanding applications in which toughness is a prime requirement.  These include solid industrial tires, rolls, and a variety of mechanical rubber items.  In addition, urethanes are finding increased usage in applications that can take advantage of their fluid nature before vulcanization.  These include their use in potting, encapsulating and sealing compounds, and as adhesives.  Although most of the vulcanizate properties and processing characteristics of the various urethane elastomers have been described in the literature, there is very little documentation on the effect of water on these elastomers.

Because water, liquid or vapor, is nearly always present and in contact with rubber parts in service, it is important to examine its effect in detail.

Types of Urethane Elastomers Studied

Liquid urethane elastomers based both on polyalkylene ether glycols and polyester glycols were used in this study of water resistance.  The polyalkylene ether glycols used were polytetramethylene ether glycol and polypropylene ether glycol.The polyesters were polyethylene adipate and mixed polyethylene propylene adipate.  The prepolymers were prepared from tolylene diisocyanate (TDI), 1,5-naphthalene disocyanate (NDI), diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI), or m-phenylene diisocyanate (MPDI), using well known laboratory procedures.  The polymers based on TDI were cured either with MOCA curing agent or with polyols, such as 1,4-butanediol or trimethylol propane.  Polymers based onMDINDI or MPDI are much more reactive than TDI-based polymers and yield compounds with very short pot life with MOCA as the curing agent.  Polyol curing agents yield more easily handled compounds and provide high quality vulcanizates with these reactive isocyanates.

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